Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated and poorest countries in the world, and therefore a priority country for German development cooperationMore than 40% of the population lives in extreme poverty, only about half of the people in the country have access to basic sanitation.

Thus, Bangladesh is far away from reaching the Millennium Development Goals.

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation works together with the Asian Development Bank to improve access to sanitation in coastal towns. BORDA and the Indian partner organisation CDD support them in the area of City Sanitation Plans through training, knowledge transfer, and planning measures.


Bhutan, the small and isolated country in the Himalaya, has a population of almost 1.2 million people. Particularly in the mountain areas, Bhutan is sparsely populated, However, there is a high health risk in communities and cities from untreated industrial and domestic wastewater.BORDA supports the government of Bhutan in developing adequate sanitation solutions.

The cooperation includes training for government officials at the CASS Training Centre in India and preparing a City Sanitation Plan for the City of Samste.


India with its population of over 1.13 billion people is a land of contrasts, geographically and socially. The middle and upper classes grow in the cities, while the majority of the population remains in poverty. 30% of the world’s poorest people live in India.50% of the people don’t have access to sanitation, which is more than half a billion women, men and children.

Less than 30% of India’s wastewater is treated; the Ganges is one of the most polluted rivers in the world.

BORDA has been active in India since the 1970s. In the beginning, BORDA worked in the field of renewable energy and supporting women groups in poor urban areas, and now they are also supporting decentralised sanitation solutions. BORDA‘s regional office is located in India, which coordinates projects in India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan. Since late 2002, BORDA collaborates with the partner organisation CDD Society, a consortium of Indian organisations based in Bangalore. Due to the high need for basic sanitation in India, BORDA and CDD not only implement their own projects, but also train professionals in their own CASS training centre, in public authorities, and in other training centres. As a result, as many people as possible can be reached. In addition to training, CASS also conducts research projects on wastewater management. There is also a production facility for prefabricated DEWATS, a permanent exhibition on basic sanitation, along with a team of experts that works on Citywide Sanitation Planning and the design and construction of DEWATS.

To achieve sustainable sanitation in cities, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation supports the work of BORDA and CDD in India.The goal of the funding is to develop regulations, on a municipal and federal level, for operating and maintaining decentralised sanitation infrastructure.

As well, BORDA and CDD are testing technology innovations and business models, and developing training for service providers.


Nepal, one of the highest countries in the world, is geographically divided into the mountain regions of the Himalaya and the lowlands of the Ganges. Almost 50 % of the population lives in the fertile lowlands, which accounts for only 14 % of the country. The big cities and industrial centres of the country are also located in that region.

While the mountain areas are sparsely populated with farms, the cities in the lowlands are growing rapidly.As one of the poorest countries of the region, less than 35 % of the Nepali population has access to basic sanitation.

Particularly in cities like Kathmandu, the sanitary situation is harmful for public health, especially for marginalised groups. BORDA collaborates with the local organisation ENPHO to transfer knowledge and experience from India to Nepal, so professionals for DEWATS projects can be trained and institutional structures strengthened.With over 30 DEWATS projects in urban areas of Nepal, examples of sustainable sanitation had already been established. The government also shows commitment to continue this approach.

International organisations and donors like UNHabitat, USAID and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation are highly interested in solutions for wastewater and faecal sludge in Nepal, another areas for future BORDA cooperation.

After the devastating earthquake in April 2015, BORDA works closely with partner organisations in India and Nepal to improve the situation of the local people by providing basic sanitation.