Fighting Causes of Flight – Reintegrating Refugees

Worldwide, more than 60 million people are fleeing wars and conflicts, famines or extreme natural events. The surrounding countries that accommodate refugees are often themselves some of the poorest countries in the world. The aim of BORDA’s work is to address the root causes of hunger and to supply refugee camps, or beyond the official refugee camps, with basic wastewater treatment.

In northern Iraq (Link), BORDA is active with its own office to improve sanitation in refugee camps and address wastewater issues in communities that support refugees. In Mali (Link), BORDA strengthens agricultural production and food security in the three most affected regions in the north – Timbuktu, Rharus and Dogonland – and works on using renewable energy to operate Stirling engines.

One World, No Hunger

The special “One World, No Hunger” initiative of the BMZ is largely focuses on food security in the nexus of water, energy and food security, but also integrates planning and implementation of projects. The definition of the nexus arose from the need to show the connection between the three sectors, which becomes more visible and urgent by increasing resource scarcity and global population growth. For future, sustainable supply in the three areas, these interactions must be included as part of a holistic approach in current and future projects.

BORDA has many years of experience in all three sectors of the nexus. Currently, there are different projects and approaches operating worldwide which include at least two of the three. Examples are the decentralised wastewater treatment systems that mostly operate without additional energy, bringing together the energy and water part of nexus. There is even energy generated in the case of the biogas plants. The products from wastewater treatment, biogas plants or waste management can be used in agriculture, thus supporting food security and closing the circle.

Various projects are being implemented:

  • The existing cooperation with the Pollution Research Group (PRG) of the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN) collects usable data, such as reusing treated water from DEWATS in agriculture. With BORDA’s increased efforts in research and development, this cooperation will continue to provide important basic data and knowledge for implementing projects within the nexus.
  • “One World, No Hunger” projects in Cambodia, India and Latin America are underway and will provide information about the practical implementation of the nexus approach.

 

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