Cuba

Cuba is bringing forward reforms that strengthen the private sector and facilitate a certain opening. Although the country has theoretically high standards, they often do not exist in reality; Cuba has a high poverty rate. But in collaboration with local partners working in biogas and integrated wastewater projects there is potential to develop agriculture.The backlog in resource management and environmental protection is great, especially in the areas of water protection and sanitation.

To support Cuba in its efforts for sustainable development, BORDA collaborates with the Grupo Estatal de Trabajo (GTE) La Bahia to identify and develop measures to rehabilitate Havana Bay and its watershed. In January 2014, a planning working was held on the current state and action needed to rehabilitate Havana Bay in cooperation with GTE La Bahia and 70 Cuban experts. As well, together with the Cuban NGO Cubasolar, BORDA works on a project to support the development of a biogas operator network. Along with several municipalities, BORDA is also investigating the need to support sanitation.

Ecuador

Ecuador is one of the countries with the greatest biodiversity on earth. Therefore, environmental protection is particularly important. At the same time, at large part of the population is poor, particularly in rural areas, without access to clean water.Entire regions have been devastated from oil production, with a fatal impact on social structures and the environment.

BORDA’s initial exploratory measures have revealed a great need for integrated water and sanitation solutions in rural areas, which holistically unite people, the environment, energy and technology.

Haiti

Haiti remains the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. Political instability, environmental degradation, and natural disasters, like devastating hurricanes or the severe earthquake in 2010, have contributed to the poverty of broad sections of the population.80% of Haitians live on less than 2 US dollars a day, most of whom work in the agricultural sector.

Diseases like cholera are widespread, particularly in urban centres like the capital Port-au-Prince. The sanitation conditions are a high risk to public health and the environment.

On behalf of a large international organisation, BORDA conducted a study, after preliminary research, on the potential of DEWATS solutions in Port-au-Prince. The study revealed that in this difficult context, decentralised solutions are appropriate for treating domestic wastewater to improve public health and reduce the severe water pollution.

Mexico

During the past few decades Mexico has become a regional centre and an emerging economy, and is an active player in regional development cooperation. Despite the economic success of Mexico, about 20% of the population still lives in poverty due to the unjust distribution of wealth. Integrated solutions for hygiene and sanitary solutions are needed in rural areas, but also in peri-urban communities.In Mexico, most of the wastewater is transported by a sewerage system, but discharged without treatment. There are only a few actors committed to sustainable sanitation for the poor.Currently, BORDA is running research activities in Mexico. This includes evaluating the situation and watersheds in different parts of the country. Together with the Mexican partner organisation SARAR Transformación, BORDA offers training in decentralised solutions for basic sanitation, DEWATS and EcoSan. As well, Mexican partners were trained in India and qualified to train more Mexican professionals. As a result, local decentralised sanitation activities were expanded to include DEWATS approaches.

Nicaragua

The mostly rural Nicaragua is one of the poorest countries in Latin America. As a result, basic infrastructure, like sanitation and wastewater treatment plants, also lag behind. The sustainable use and management of resources and renewable energy as well as the entire water sector are also underdeveloped and offer great potential. Urban watersheds desperately need protection against pollution from industrial and urban wastewater being discharged without treatment. In the agricultural sector of Nicaragua, there is also a high potential for using biogas.

In 2014, BORDA opened up a coordination office at the Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria (UNI) in Managua. In cooperation with the Universidad La Salle (ULSA) of the UNI, the cities of León and Hamburg and Engagement Global, BORDA is working on an integrated approach to protect the Rio Chiquito watershed. The project includes renovating the local slaughterhouse in León, one of the main sources of water pollution. The existing infrastructure will be renovated with sustainable waste and wastewater management. This includes, in addition to improved slaughter practices, a small wastewater treatment plant, energy recovery of organic residues(biogas), and their final use in the urban agricultural production. The project at the slaughterhouse serves as a teaching module for students of different environmental and engineering faculties and demonstrates a practical example of environmental friendly production. As well, this example will facilitate the start of creating a pragmatic environmental strategy for the entire León watershed.